1999 - West Andersonville
1999 Fall Tour of Homes
September 26, 1999
Welcome to the 11th Annual Edgewater Historical Society Home Tour
Editor’s note: To respect the privacy of the homeowners while making the historical information available for research, most names and street addresses have been removed from the online version of the “tour booklet.” The original printed booklets are all available at the Edgewater Historical Society Museum.
For individual home descriptions, select an address at the left.
The community known as West Andersonville today lies directly north of the original 1850s settlement called Andersonville. It encompasses an area north of Foster Avenue and west of Ashland Avenue, extending to Bryn Mawr on the north and the Chicago and Northwestern tracks on the west. It was subdivided and developed in various stages.
The first development was called Mount Pleasant in 1859. It extended over just four blocks from Foster on the south to Berwyn on the north. At that time Ashland was called Eastern Avenue, Paulina was called Wright and Farragut was called Pine. Although named as a subdivision of the township of Lakeview, few people settled there.
Much later, in 1886, Louis Henry named the area from Berwyn avenue to Balmoral (four more blocks) Summerdale Park, an expansion of his Summerdale subdivision. The Chicago and Northwestern Railroad, which ran on ground level, created a stop at Summerdale. Few homes were built in this area until Charles Rascher, a surveyor and publisher, moved there and began promoting lot sales. He expanded the Summerdale Park development north to Catalpa in 1891. In order to make the area more attractive to buyers, he had several homes built by A. E. Norman, a builder who later became an architect. He also built the home at Paulina and Balmoral and his family home, which once stood at 5425 N. Paulina. It was demolished in the 1970s.
In 1896, Charles Rascher completed the purchase of the remaining farmland south of Bryn Mawr and named it Edgewater Heights. He created promotional maps that listed the benefits of building and living in Edgewater Heights, the high ground of Edgewater. This sales technique was based on sales of Edgewater homes to the east by John Lewis Cochran, which began in 1885.
Rascher’s development was barely underway when he died on November 8, 1900. As part of the settlement of the estate, the land was sold in a sheriff’s sale. The Nicholas Mann family, who had owned the farmland, bought it back. The Manns donated a portion of it to the newly founded St. Gregory Parish for the construction of a church in 1905. In subsequent years, the land was sold for the construction of homes and apartment buildings.
Transportation was crucial to the growth of West Andersonville. In the earliest days, local truck farmers used Green Bay Road (now Clark Street) to drive to the Water Street market in horse drawn wagons. Stables dotted the area and a few residents owned horses and carriages. Deliveries, even groceries, were by horse drawn wagons. The advent of the bicycle made some local transportation possible, such as the delivery of newspapers.
Beginning in 1892, as traffic increased, the railroads began a program to raise the train tracks onto embankments to eliminate grade crossings throughout the city. The Chicago and Northwestern did this along the western edge of Andersonville between 1895 and 1906.
By 1900, the Clark Street trolley car ran north to Devon and south to 111th Street, thus creating an important link through the city. Another transportation link included the trolley car along Ravenswood Avenue. According to Rascher’s promotions, another link downtown was the Chicago, Milwaukee and St. Paul Railroad, just four blocks to the east, with a station at Bryn Mawr. In 1908, the Northwestern Elevated Railway reached Edgewater. It replaced the CM&StP.
Most of the development of West Andersonville and Clark Street followed after 1900. Clark Street developed into a Swedish business district with bakeries, a newspaper, jewelry, clothing and grocery stores, which were built alongside the original pubs and pharmacies. Eventually, the Clark Street Businessmen’s Association was formed.
In the late 1950s, Grant Johnson, one of these businessmen, suggested that the district reestablish the name Andersonville for the street. In the early 1960s, the organization changed its name to the Andersonville Chamber of Commerce. Closely following this change, many neighborhood residents began to organize and work together for community improvement. In the 1970s, they organized the West Andersonville Neighbors Together (W.A.N.T.) community organization.